A Pop Quiz on Evil in the New Testament

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Consider the Greek words translated "evil" (or similar words or phrases, such as wicked), in the King James New Testament. I have ranked them by the number of times they are used in the text. Please take a moment and look at them and ask yourself which ones you believe are used of the adversary (the "devil"), which of men, and which of both. Mark your answers in the columns next to the definition.

Word

Adversary

Men

Both

# 4190 poneros {pon-ay-ros'}

from a derivative of 4192; TDNT - 6:546,912; adj

AV - evil 51, wicked 10, wicked one 6, evil things 2, misc 7; 76

1) full of labours, annoyances, hardships

1a) pressed and harassed by labours

1b) bringing toils, annoyances, perils; of a time full of peril to Christian faith and steadfastness; causing pain and trouble

2) bad, of a bad nature or condition

2a) in a physical sense: diseased or blind

2b) in an ethical sense: evil wicked, bad

 

     
# 2556 kakos {kak-os'}

apparently a primary word; TDNT - 3:469,391; adj

AV - evil 40, evil things 3, harm 2, that which is evil + 3458 2, wicked 1, ill 1, bad 1, noisome 1; 51

1) of a bad nature

1a) not such as it ought to be

2) of a mode of thinking, feeling, acting

2a) base, wrong, wicked

3) troublesome, injurious, pernicious, destructive, baneful

     
# 2560 kakos {kak-oce'}

from 2556; TDNT - 4:1091,*; adv

AV - be sick + 2192 7, be diseased + 2192 2, evil 2, grievously 1, sore 1, miserable 1, amiss 1, sick people + 2192 1; 16

1) miserable, to be ill

2) improperly, wrongly

3) to speak ill of, revile, one

     
# 2549 kakia {kak-ee'-ah}

from 2556; TDNT - 3:482,391; n f

AV - malice 6, maliciousness 2, evil 1, wickedness 1, naughtiness 1; 11

1) malignity, malice, ill-will, desire to injure

2) wickedness, depravity

2a) wickedness that is not ashamed to break laws

3) evil, trouble

     
# 2555 kakopoios {kak-op-oy-os'}

from 2556 and 4160; TDNT - 3:485,391; adj

AV - evildoer 4, malefactor 1; 5

1) an evil doer, malefactor

     
# 2554 kakopoieo {kak-op-oy-eh'-o}

from 2555; TDNT - 3:485,391; v

AV - do evil 3, evil doing 1; 4

1) to do harm

2) to do evil, do wrong

     
# 2557 kakourgos {kak-oor'-gos}

from 2556 and the base of 2041; TDNT - 3:484,391; adj

AV - malefactor 3, evil doer 1; 4

1) a malefactor

     
# 5337 phaulos {fow'-los}

apparently a primary word;; adj

AV - evil 4; 4

1) easy, slight, ordinary, mean, worthless, of no account

2) ethically, bad, base, wicked

     

For the answers, click here.

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Copyright 1997, Bill Weaks - all rights reserved

June 24, 1999